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6 Ağustos 2014 Çarşamba

funduq فُنْدُق

funduq فُنْدُق

FNDQ
 
English
hotel, ‎inn – WehrCowan1979.
In a nutshell
The word is a loan from Grk pandokheîon ‘hostel, inn’ and was itself loaned into a number of Western Mediterranean languages, typically connected with medieval trade. “One could mention fondaco , which was a sort of accommodation for traders, with a warehouse and the possibility of selling” (Cifoletti 2007). It has come to mean ‘hotel’ in Egyptian Arabic but in Tunisian retains the meaning ‘caravanserai’ (ibid.), i.e., a type of “hostelries at which animals and humans can lodge, on the lines of the caravanserais or khāns of the Muslim East” (LeTourneau1964).
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Etymology in detail (discussion)
Held to be of Persian origin by Sībawayh, but < Grk pandokheîon ‘hostel, inn’ – Heinrichs1997: 179, fn. 13.
Classical dictionaries often specify that the word was used by ‘the people of Syria’ (ʔahl al-šām ), while LeTourneau1964 says that it was in use “particularly in North Africa”. Fück1950 unites both with a plausible explanation when he reports that the Arab geographer al-Muqaddasī, in his ʔAḥsan al-taqāsīm fī maʕrifat al-ʔaqālīm (completed in 955), mentioned funduq as characteristic of Syria, Egypt and North Africa, “die alten Einflußsphären des byzantinischen Reiches” [the old sphere of influence of the Byzantine Empire], while ḫān was in use in Persia and tīm in Transoxania – Fück1950: 111.

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