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6 Ağustos 2014 Çarşamba

qahwaẗ قَهْوَة

English
1. coffee; 2. (pl. qahawāt and qahāwī ) cafe, coffeehouse | q. sādaẗ coffee without sugar – WehrCowan1979.
In a nutshell
“Of uncertain etymology [...]. Originally a name for wine [...], this word was transferred towards the end of the 8th/14th century in the Yemen to the beverage made from the berry of the coffee tree. The assumption of such a transference of meaning is not, it is true, accepted by some who consider ḳahwa—at least in the sense of coffee—as a word of African origin and seek to connect it with the alleged home of the coffee tree, Kaffa, although they also assume contamination with ḳahwa ‘wine’ [...]. On the other hand, it should be noted that the holders of this view do not prove that coffee was exported from Kaffa as early as 1400, and do not quote a similar word in the languages of Ethiopia and adjoining lands, while the usual word for coffee there (būn for tree, berry and beverage [...]) has passed in the form →bunn (in rhyme also būn ) as a name of the tree and berry into Arabic. But as it is probable that the drinking of coffee spread in the Yemen out of Ṣūfī circles and a special significance was given to wine in the poetical language of the mystics, a transference of the poetic name for wine to the new beverage would not be at all impossible” – van Arendonk.
From Kaffa in East Africa, coffee was exported to Southern Arabia (main port al-Muḫà, hence Mokka ) on the Red Sea coast. By 1550 the first coffee-houses emerged in Istanbul. In Europe, coffee came to be known by the turn from lC16 to eC17 via Venetia where it had arrived in 1580 – Osman2002.

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